Federazione Universitaria Cattolici Italiana
- Catholic University Graduates’Movement of Italy (FUCI)Organized in 1896 as a part of Azione Cattolica/Catholic Action (ACI), FUCI provided a useful link between the nascent Christian democracy movement and university students. This necessarily drew them close, in political inspiration, to Luigi Sturzo and Romolo Murri. The autonomy of the fucini, most of whom were liberal Catholics, brought them into conflict with the more staid ACI, which was virtually an instrument of the Vatican. The close association with the Partito Popolare Italiano/Italian People’s Party (PPI) brought FUCI under close scrutiny by the Fascist authorities after 1922 and led to its eventual dissolution in 1931. After reorganization (between 1935 and 1939) under the leadership of Giovanni Battista Montini (later Pope Paul VI) and such prominent laymen as Aldo Moro and Giulio Andreotti, FUCI became once again an assembly of liberal Catholics and a training ground for many of the political leaders of postwar Italy. A special section of FUCI was organized in 1934, the university degree-holders’ federation—FUCI laureati (the laurea is the Italian university degree). They published a weekly magazine called Azione Fucinaand, beginning in 1935, an intellectual review called Studium. To many in the regime, it was clear that fucini were engaged in little less than the preparation of a new elite to incorporate Catholic social doctrine into a new political order at the propitious moment, despite their outward conformity to regime requirements.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. Mark F. Gilbert & K. Robert Nilsson. 2007.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations — ACI Azione Cattolica Italiana (Catholic Action) AGCI Associazione Generale delle Cooperative Italiane (General Association of Italian Cooperatives) AGIP Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli (Italian General Petroleum Agency) AN Alleanza Nazionale… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Moro, Aldo — (1916–1978) Born in Apulia, the heel of the Italian boot, Moro became a professor of law and criminal procedure at the University of Bari. During the war years, he was simultaneously president of the Federazione Universitaria Cattolici… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Tambroni, Fernando — (1901–1963) Born in Ascoli Piceno, by the mid 1920s Tambroni was an ambitious young lawyer, a prominent activist in the Federazione Universitaria Cattolici Italiana/ Catholic University Graduates’Movement (FUCI), and a functionary of the… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Andreotti, Giulio — (1919– ) The personification of the Italian postwar political elite, Giulio Andreotti must be regarded as both a statesman of international reputation and a deeply ambiguous political figure. Born in Rome, Andreotti became a force in the… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Gonella, Guido — (1905–1982) A journalist from Verona, Guido Gonella first made his name in the Catholic students’movement, the Federazione Universitaria Cattolici Italiana/Catholic University Graduates’ Movement of Italy (FUCI). Members included many postwar… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Giuseppe Toniolo — (* 6. März 1845 in Treviso; † 7. Oktober 1918 in Pisa) gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Wirtschaftshistoriker und Soziologen des Katholizismus. Als Historiker befasste er sich mit der Ökonomie der Toskana und der Entstehung der Sozialen Frage,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Moro, Aldo — born Sept. 23, 1916, Maglie, Italy died May 9, 1978, near or in Rome Italian politician and premier of Italy (1963–64, 1964–66, 1966–68, 1974–76, 1976). A professor of law at the University of Bari, he was elected to the legislature in 1946. He… … Universalium
FUCI — sigla Federazione Universitaria Cattolica Italiana, organizzazione di studenti universitari cattolici … Dizionario italiano